The inclusion of leukocytes into platelet rich plasma reduces scaffold stability and hinders extracellular matrix remodelling
Background: Scaffolds should have controllable degradation rate and allow cells to produce their own extracellular matrix. Platelet rich plasma (PRP) is a source of autologous growth factors and proteins embedded in a 3D fibrin scaffold. There is no consensus regarding the obtaining conditions and composition of PRPs. The aim of this study was to evaluate how the inclusion of leukocytes (L-PRP) in plasma rich in growth factors (PRGF) may alter the process of fibrinolysis. The effect of different combinations of cellular phenotypes with PRGF and L-PRP clots on both the fibrinolysis and matrix deposition process was also determined.
Methods: PRGF and L-PRP clots were incubated for 14 days and D-dimer and type I collagen were determined in their conditioned media to evaluate clots’ stability. For remodelling assays, gingival fibroblasts, alveolar osteoblasts and human umbilical vein endothelial cells (HUVEC) were seeded onto the two types of clots for 14 days. D-dimer, type I collagen, and laminin α4 were measured by ELISA kits in their conditioned media. Morphological and histological analysis were also performed. Cell proliferation was additionally determined RESULTS: PRGF clots preserved their stability as shown by the low levels of both D-dimer and collagen type I compared to those obtained for L-PRP clots. The inclusion of both gingival fibroblasts and alveolar osteoblasts stimulated a higher fibrinolysis in the PRGF clots. In contrast to this, the degradation rates of both PRGF and L-PRP clots remained unchanged after culturing with the endothelial cells. In all cases, type I collagen and laminin α4 levels were in line with the degree of clots’ degradation. In all phenotypes, cell proliferation was significantly higher in PRGF than in L-PRP clots.
Conclusion: The inclusion of leukocytes in PRGF scaffolds reduced their stability, decreased cell number and slowed down cell remodelling.
Keywords: Degradation; ECM synthesis; Fibrin; L-PRP; PRGF.
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