- Eduardo Anitua
- María de la Fuente
- Francisco Muruzabal
- Jesús Merayo-Lloves
Development and optimization of a personalized fibrin membrane derived from the plasma rich in growth factors technology
Purpose: To develop and characterize a new type of plasma rich in growth factors (PRGF) membrane for patients in which immune system is involved in the disease etiology.
Methods: Blood from three healthy donors was collected to obtain the different fibrin membranes by PRGF technology. PRGF obtained volumes were activated and divided into two groups: PRGF membrane (mPRGF) obtained after incubation at 37 °C for 30 min (control); and is-mPRGF: mPRGF obtained after incubation for 30 min at 56 °C. The concentration of several growth factors, proteins, immunoglobulin E and the complement activity was determined in the different mPRGF. The proliferative potential of heat-inactivated mPRGF were assayed on keratocytes (HK) and conjunctival fibroblasts (HConF). In addition, morphological and physical features of the inactivated mPRGF were evaluated in contrast to the control mPRGF.
Results: Heat-inactivation of the mPRGF preserves the content of most of the growth factors involved in the ocular wound healing while reducing drastically the content of IgE and the complement activity. The heat-inactivated mPRGF conserve the morphological and physical characteristics of the fibrin meshwork in comparison with the control mPRGF. Furthermore, no significant differences were found in the biological activity of the control mPRGF regarding the heat-inactivated mPRGF (is-mPRGF) in any of both ocular cell types evaluated.
Conclusions: The heat-inactivation of the PRGF membranes (is-mPRGF) reduces drastically the content of IgE and complement activity while preserving the content of most of the proteins and morphogens involved in ocular wound healing. Furthermore, the morphological and physical features of the immunosafe mPRGF were also preserved after heat-inactivation.
Keywords: Autoimmune diseases; Fibrin membrane; Heat-inactivation; Ocular inflammatory diseases; PRGF; PRP; Platelet-rich plasma; Wound healing.
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