Anti-inflammatory effect of different PRGF formulations on cutaneous surface
Cutaneous autoimmune and inflammatory diseases are a major burden of global disease and many lack effective treatments that can derive in different dermatoses like atopic dermatitis. Despite the increase prevalence and the high health-care costs worldwide, the heterogeniety and multifactoriality of these diseases mean that effective treatment options are scarce. Plasma rich in growth factors (PRGF) technology could be an alternative approach that may help in the management of this cutaneous condition. The aim of this study was to assess the effect of two different PRGF formulations (just activated and autologous topical serum (ATS)) for the management of skin inflammation. Additionally, ATS was assessed over two patients suffering from radiotherapy induced dermatitis. Human organotypic skin explant cultures (hOSECs) were used as human skin models. To induce atopic dermatitis-like conditions, skin explants were treated with both interleukin-4 (IL-4) and interleukin-13 (IL-13). PRGF and ATS were intradermally and topically applied, respectively. Metabolic activity, reactive oxigen species (ROS), necrosis and inflammatory cytokine production were determined. Both PRGF formulations increased tissue viability and significantly reduced the excessive free radical accumulation and the cutaneous cytokine production such as TNF-α and IL-1β. Case reports showed a positive response after ATS treatment in terms of skin quality improvement, local erythema decrease and burning and itching amelioration. The oedema, swelling and desquamation caused by radiation induced dermatitis was also reduced and the patients referred ceased pruritus and pain. This preliminary study suggests that PRGF might aid in the management of inflammatory skin conditions.
Keywords: Growth factors; Platelet rich plasma; Skin inflammation; Tissue regeneration.
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